Goux had been successful in European road races, winning the Catalan Cup twice and as a part of a four-man Peugeot team he helped develop what was at the time a radically new straight four-cylinder racing engine. In 1913 Goux traveled to the United States where he became the first European and the first Frenchman to win the Indy 500. Goux managed a fourth place finish in 1914, but before he could compete again the specter of World War I intervened.
After the war Jules Goux continued racing. He won numerous European events and eventually competed in five Indy 500 races, but 1913 would remain his only win. He died in his home town of Valentigney, France in 1965 after a severe allergic reaction.